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Halfway through the twentieth century were made in Burgos various archaeological tastings, with the aim of know that people lived there in prehistoric ages.


sites were found corresponding to the initiation of the use of metals, called Chalcolithic period, which developed from the 3rd millennium BC C., in the Ribera del Duero Moradillo de Roa, Roa (Roa Lands), with pottery (bowls, cups globular profiles in smooth S) stone tools (tips arrow) and bone (punches) and pure copper badges. The date for the radio-carbonic a. 2020 C. and is now in Chalcolithic period Campaniforme Burgos.
  • Campaniforme OF CIVILIZATION Ciempozuelos, so named for the site of Madrid Ciempozuelos, dating from the late 3rd millennium and the beginning of 2020 a. C. It is characterized by the type of vessels flared profile, dots that are furnished, prepared in close horizontal stripes, alternating with other smooth. In this civilization and between the years 2200-2000 a. C. correspond Province Burgos three sites: Atapuerca, Castle Hill Burgos and Castle Hill Castrojeriz, he engaged in a level room in a place easy to defend and markedly castreño, as found in the top of the Peña Amaya, but may also inhabit the caves of his hill, and this would prehistoric use Castrojeriz caves, such as on the slopes of El Picacho, in the vicinity of Santo Domingo Silos.

  • IN THE AGE OF BRONZE-Nape I, (the castro Avila of Cogotas), Phase I, dated from 1500 to 1200 BC C. items are decorated with ceramic parts (ears, zig-zag). In a second stage, late Bronze Age, 1200 to 750 a. of C. ceramics are more complex. In the end it was found Estepar twentieth century, an interesting field for the culture of Phase I. In Castrojeriz in the ce-rro the castle as a defensive site, we found a site I Cogotas period, full, between 1500 and 1200 a. C.

  • IN THE AGE OF IRON, First-phase 750-300 a. C. and Second Stage, the year 300 BC C. the romanization. This is called Phase 2 Celtiberians. Corresponding to this time is Archaeological surveys have been made in passing in Castrojeriz, Burgos and Roa. The settlements of these villages, locations were taking advantage of previous ones, because their defensive situation, for example. Among the known nuclei, include: Castrojeriz, Olmillos of Melgar Sasamón and area of Fernamental. Their houses were rectangular, mud and branches as ceiling and ceramic, which is the only known, is decorated spring.

  • TIME

    Celtiberian century Iron Age II IV a. C. Generalize the tools of iron railings plow, winches pottery mills, etc. The pottery is decorated with concentric semicircles, lines wavy and diamonds. The residents of this area were the Vaccaei or the Turmogos, two ethnic groups are well known, no borders territorial states that the river Odra, was a limit. Nuclei Known most important were: Desóbriga (between Osorno and Melgar) Segísamon (with Olmillos) Deobrígula (Tardajos) Autraca (Castrojeriz), a town in the hill of the castle. Another version historical according to Ptolemy, the Greek geographer second century era, the town-Ambino Ambinon was Castrojeriz and ascribes to the Turmogos. The name means "fortress circular.

    They occupied several villages Hectares, the fort Tardajos, 42 acres, for Castrojeriz, was the youngest of 2-3 hectares, being corseted by the extent of control of the castle hill, but high population density. The adobe houses were orthogonal and hardened clay floor and basement fire. The core was defended by walls and moats. The tip of the town Autraca reached several acres.

    archaeological documentation of Castrojeriz deposits (Autraca) and Roa de Duero (Otilia), the two most significant villages of Vaccaei, settled from the first century VIII a. C., has documented and well-defined changes great entity in material culture, such as ceramic with lattice decoration, arches, zoomorphic motifs, etc. makes possible to differentiate a new style and a stage, called Tardoceltibérica, which are barely visible even influence Roman.

  • In the 60s of the twentieth century, it became archaeological tasting on a farm located at N. O. of Ex-collegiate Castrojeriz, investigating a deposit of a po-blade. We found pottery, household utensils, silos preserve cereals, etc.. Was classified as a village settlement pre-Christian. This town may be called SISARACA, the turmogos vacceos and romanized or later. The historians place him in Castrojeriz.

    All of the above, describes some meager archaeological investigations and possible conjectures and hypotheses are still to be confirmed, but discovers the tip of the iceberg remains archaeological settlements of villages belonging to for the huge prehistoric period between the year 2500 a. C. to Roman rule.


    from the romanization to the modern age, in Castrojeriz we also investigate especially notable medieval Roman ruins. I refer to castle as defensive construction since prehistoric times, their troglodyte rooms in the basement of prehistoric settlement Autraca, the well of the castle courtyard and potential communications with medieval alleyways, (according to legend) that more than 2 Km pierce the basement of the historic Castrojeriz.

    Many do not know where to go, but largely to the castle. The passages on their own, are a wealth archaeological content enough to make an investigation.

    The passages, its architecture can belong to the XIII-XIV centuries. They arch vault point, barrel, with arches or arches more or less targeted, the period of transition from Romanesque to Gothic.

    Much of this underground labyrinth, this sinking, by default or intentionally. It is an asset great historical interest for the study and appreciation of medieval Castrojeriz the village. There are traces and reasons to say that medieval passageways, are probably related to the tower strength, Romanesque base and the three streets that still remain for the cloister, Romanesque-Gothic transitional, as the north wing abolished when the present church was built in San Juan, in the sixteenth century, and also with the enigmatic Knights Templar.

    Castrojeriz, as described above, has been settlement of peoples from prehistoric times, but his most interestingly, perhaps, the medieval period, although they are only assumptions and shallow surveys, inspections have never had a serious archaeological they can confirm.

    November of year 2005


    Pedro Tardajos Villarrubia